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Black Walnut vs Water Birch (Red Birch)

Juglans nigra

Betula Occidentalis

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Black Walnut
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The Black Walnut is a slow growing, large, straight-stemmed tree with an open crown. It produces dense, very hard, edible nuts.

Black Walnut has a deeply-furrowed, black bark. Its leaves are about 1 foot long, composed of 15 - 23 slightly stalked leaflets on a moderately stout stock which provide good dappled shade.

Despite being highly valued for its edible nuts and its shade tree aesthetics, it is rare to see this tree on the prairies.

Note: Black Walnut's roots produce a substance named juglone that is toxic to some other plants. Consider this when choosing where you plant a black walnut, as you will not be able to grow tomato, potato, cabbage, eggplant, blueberry, azalea, rhododendron, lilac, red pine and apple in the surrounding area.

Note: plant this tree once. It will not respond well to transplanting.

Note: Although self-pollinating, planting two trees significantly improves nut production.

Water Birch, also known as Red Birch, is a waterside plant native to western North America. This multi-stemmed species is ideal for wetlands. It tolerates being planted in heavy clay and wet soil conditions.

This tree grows small enough for yards with limited space.

It is an attractive ornamental with reddish non-peeling bark.

BLACK WALNUT QUICK FACTS

WATER BIRCH (RED BIRCH) QUICK FACTS

Zone: 3a
Zone: 4a
Height: 14 m (45 ft)
Height: 12 m (40 ft)
Spread: 9 m (30 ft)
Spread: 8 m (25 ft)
Moisture: dry, normal
Moisture: normal, wet
Light: partial shade, full sun
Light: partial shade, full sun
Fuzz/fluff: no
Catkins: yes
Bark: non-peeling, shiny, reddish brown and marked with white horizontal streaks
Growth rate: slow
Growth rate: medium
Life span: long
Life span: medium
Maintenance: low
Suckering: low
Suckering: low
Pollution tolerance: high
Pollution tolerance: medium





Other Names: american walnut
Other Names: red birch


Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: yes
Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: yes