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River Alder vs Northern Bayberry

Alnus incana

Myrica pensylvanica

NOT AVAILABLE THIS SEASON

NOT AVAILABLE THIS SEASON

River Alder
Northern Bayberry

River Alder is a large shrub or small tree with a multi-stemmed, spreading habit. It is an excellent tree to plant if you want to stabilize the soil near rivers and creeks.

Unlike the other alder varieties, River Alder is attractive enough to be included in riverside plantings by municipal and provincial park organizations.

Northern Bayberry makes an excellent hedge or feature shrub. It will retain its leaves in warmer climates but drops them in colder areas. They produce blue-grey berries that have a wax coating on them that can be used to make candles or soaps.

In colder hardiness zones the leaves turn an attractive orange to red colour in the fall, making it a striking addition to your landscape.

Northern Bayberry is native to Nova Scotia and tolerates both drought and wet conditions. It is also a nitrogen fixer that tolerates poor soil conditions.

RIVER ALDER QUICK FACTS

NORTHERN BAYBERRY QUICK FACTS

Zone: 1a
Zone: 3a
Height: 8 m (25 ft)
Height: 2.4 m (8 ft)
Spread: 4 m (12 ft)
Spread: 2.4 m (8 ft)
Moisture: normal, wet
Moisture: normal
Light: full sun
Light: partial shade, full sun
Catkins: yes
Catkins: yes
Fall colour: yellow to orange
Berries: blue-gray
Growth rate: fast
Growth rate: slow
Life span: short
Life span: long
Suckering: none
Suckering: medium




Toxicity: Warning: The wax from bayberry fruit is considered toxic and may be carcinogenic.

Other Names: candlewood, myrique de pennsylvanie, small waxberry, swamp candleberry, tallow bayberry, tallow shrub, tallow tree, tallowshrub