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Black Hawthorn vs Black Elderberry

Crataegus douglasii

Sambucus nigra ssp. canadensis

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Black Hawthorn
Black Elderberry

Black Hawthorn is a versatile plant that is native to wetlands and other areas with moist soils, but can also tolerate dry soils. This plant can be grown as a short shrub, or a tree reaching 30 feet tall.

Black Hawthorn is valued for erosion control and attracting pollinators. It also makes an attractive flowering ornamental that can be planted as a specimen or pruned as a hedge. It is commonly used in shelterbelts.

Black Elderberry is a deciduous shrub native to eastern North America. You can plant this shrub in moist areas and it will help stabilize your soil. You can also use it on rural properties anywhere you'd use a lilac.

Warning: the seeds, stems, leaves, roots, and uncooked berries of the Black Elderberry are poisonous to humans when eaten in quantity. You should cook the berries to make them safe for human consumption.

BLACK HAWTHORN QUICK FACTS

BLACK ELDERBERRY QUICK FACTS

Zone: 3a
Zone: 3a
Height: 8 m (25 ft)
Height: 3 m (10 ft)
Spread: 5 m (15 ft)
Spread: 2.4 m (8 ft)
Moisture: any
Moisture: normal, wet
Light: partial shade, full sun
Light: any
Fall colour: yellow to red
Berries: purplish-black pomes
Berries: black
Flowers: white
Flowers: fragrant, white and showy
Bark: brown to gray
Bark: gray brownish with rigid bumps
Growth rate: medium
Growth rate: medium
Life span: medium
Life span: short
Maintenance: low
Maintenance: low
Suckering: medium
Suckering: medium
Pollution tolerance: high
Pollution tolerance: high




Toxicity: leaves, stems, and uncooked berries are poisonous to humans

Other Names: Crataegus columbiana, douglas hawthorn, Douglas' thornapple
Other Names: american black elderberry, american elderberry, canada elderberry, common elderberry


Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: no
Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: yes