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Green Alder vs Western Snowberry

Alnus crispa

Symphoricarpos occidentalis

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Green Alder
Western Snowberry

Green Alder is a cold hardy, native shrub. It is often planted on infertile sites so it can fix nitrogen from the air and improve the soil quality.

Green Alder is known for its smooth grey bark and attractive shiny green leaves; it is commonly used in reclamation.

Like the Common Snowberry, the Western Snowberry is a small shrub with pink flowers useful for feeding livestock and preventing erosion. Unlike the common species, however, the Western Snowberry is much more suited to wet conditions, capable of persevering through poor soil drainage and occasional flooding.

After the Snowberry's flowers have bloomed, it produces berries which often last on the plant through winter. These berries are toxic to humans, but livestock and local wildlife love them! Those hoping to attract wildlife to their property can plant Snowberry and expect to see animals foraging on it much later in the year than other plants.

GREEN ALDER QUICK FACTS

WESTERN SNOWBERRY QUICK FACTS

Zone: 1a
Zone: 1a
Height: 7 m (23 ft)
Height: 0.9 m (3 ft)
Spread: 3 m (10 ft)
Spread: 0.9 m (3 ft)
Moisture: any
Moisture: any
Light: any
Light: partial shade, full sun
Fuzz/fluff: yes
Catkins: yes
Berries: small, white, poisonous to humans
Flowers: pinkish white
Growth rate: fast
Growth rate: medium
Life span: short
Life span: short
Suckering: high
Suckering: high

In row spacing: 0.9 m (3 ft)

Between row spacing: 5 m (16 ft)


Toxicity: berries are toxic to humans

Other Names: mountain alder, sitka alder
Other Names: buckbrush, wolfberry