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Red Elderberry vs Black Hawthorn

Sambucus racemosa

Crataegus douglasii

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Red Elderberry
Black Hawthorn

Red Elderberry is an attractive, medium-sized deciduous shrub.

It produces clusters of white flowers in the spring and bright red berry-like drupes, which provide beautiful contrast against its coarse, textured green foliage.

Red Elder can be pruned as a small single or multi-stemmed tree.

Black Hawthorn is a versatile plant that is native to wetlands and other areas with moist soils, but can also tolerate dry soils. This plant can be grown as a short shrub, or a tree reaching 30 feet tall.

Black Hawthorn is valued for erosion control and attracting pollinators. It also makes an attractive flowering ornamental that can be planted as a specimen or pruned as a hedge. It is commonly used in shelterbelts.

RED ELDERBERRY QUICK FACTS

BLACK HAWTHORN QUICK FACTS

Zone: 2a
Zone: 3a
Height: 4 m (13 ft)
Height: 8 m (25 ft)
Spread: 3 m (10 ft)
Spread: 5 m (15 ft)
Moisture: normal
Moisture: any
Light: partial shade, full sun
Light: partial shade, full sun
Fall colour: yellow to red
Berries: bright red berry like drupes
Berries: purplish-black pomes
Flowers: white panicle flowers
Flowers: white
Bark: brown to gray
Growth rate: medium
Growth rate: medium
Life span: medium
Life span: medium
Maintenance: low
Maintenance: low
Suckering: none
Suckering: medium
Pollution tolerance: medium
Pollution tolerance: high



Toxicity: toxic to humans


Other Names: red elder
Other Names: Crataegus columbiana, douglas hawthorn, Douglas' thornapple


Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: no
Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: no