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European White Birch vs Sweet Birch (Black Birch)

Betula pendula

Betula lenta



European White Birch
Sweet Birch (Black Birch)

European White Birch is a mid-sized shade tree native to Eurasia. This deciduous tree has a pyramidal form when young, maturing into a rounded crown with arched branches and drooping branchlets.

The trunk is slender, with white bark featuring black diamond-shaped lenticels. European White Birch is an ideal landscape tree for parks and gardens.

Similar to the Cutleaf Weeping Birch, this species is a popular ornamental.

Note: Unfortunately this difficult to grow species is not currently scheduled to grow at Perhaps try purchasing seed from and growing your own? Or sign up for a restock notification above.

Sweet Birch (Black Birch) is an attractive tree with a rounded shape native to eastern North America that would be a good addition to landscapes. It has a conical growth shape when young and as it ages the shape becomes more rounded. When the leaves, shoots, or bark are crushed they give off a sweet scent, which is what gives the Sweet Birch its name.

In early spring, the trees can be tapped and the sap used to produce syrup or fermented and made into birch beer. Pollinators and birds are attracted to the Sweet Birch as the pollen and seeds serve as a good food source. In the fall, the leaves turn golden yellow which will brighten your landscape.

The inner bark has a strong wintergreen scent and has been used to produce oil of wintergreen. Small twigs and bark of the tree can be boiled in water to make a tasty Sweet Birch tea.



Zone: 2a
Zone: 3a
Height: 15 m (49 ft)
Height: 15 m (50 ft)
Spread: 8 m (25 ft)
Spread: 11 m (35 ft)
Moisture: normal
Moisture: any
Light: full sun
Light: partial shade, full sun
Catkins: yes
Catkins: yes
Fall colour: bright yellow
Fall colour: golden yellow
Growth rate: fast
Growth rate: medium
Life span: medium
Life span: long
Suckering: none
Suckering: none

Other Names: silver birch, weeping birch
Other Names: cherry birch, liliental, mahogany birch