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Beaked Hazelnut vs European Hazelnut

Corylus cornuta

Corylus avellana

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Beaked Hazelnut
European Hazelnut

Beaked Hazelnut is a multi-stemmed, deciduous shrub native to North America.

It features smooth, grey bark and edible nuts. Beaked Hazelnut prefers a rich sandy-clay loam but will grow on poorer sites, and can be used as an understory shrub.

Note: You want more than one hazelnut to improve yields.

European Hazelnut is a large shrub that is native to Europe. It is known for its edible nuts that ripen in late summer to early fall. The nuts can be eaten raw or roasted and have a sweet, earthy flavour. Nut production can start as early as 2-3 years but typically takes until at least 4 years for significant yields.

Catkins appear in late winter to early spring and as they release pollen it attracts bees and other pollinators. Since male and female flowers bloom at different times, multiple shrubs will have to be planted for cross pollination. It is recommended to plant European Hazelnut with other hazelnut varieties such as Beaked Hazelnut, Frank, Yamhill, and York. Planting with other varieties will increase nut production.

BEAKED HAZELNUT QUICK FACTS

EUROPEAN HAZELNUT QUICK FACTS

Lowest Price: $20.99
Zone: 2a
Zone: 4a
Height: 5 m (15 ft)
Height: 5 m (16 ft)
Spread: 2.1 m (7 ft)
Spread: 4 m (12 ft)
Moisture: dry, normal
Moisture: normal
Light: partial shade, full sun
Light: partial shade, full sun
Catkins: yes
Flavor: sweet, with an earthy taste
Harvest: late summer - early fall
Nuts: small, wildlife attracting
Nuts: woody shelled with thin brown skin
Growth rate: medium
Growth rate: medium
Life span: medium
Life span: medium
Maintenance: medium
Suckering: low
Suckering: medium





Other Names: beaked hazel
Other Names: cobnut, common filbert, common hazelnut, european filbert, european hazel