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Engelmann Spruce vs Fraser Fir

Picea engelmannii

Abies fraseri



Engelmann Spruce
Fraser Fir

Engelmann Spruce is a tall, cold resistant tree native to western North America. This high-altitude mountain tree has characteristic loose, scaly bark ranging in colour from reddish-brown to grey.

Birds such as grouse, woodpeckers, nuthatches and thrushes will call this tree home. As Engelmann Spruce can exceed heights of 100 feet, consumers should note it is too large for a normal city lot.

Fraser Fir is a great choice for a Christmas tree, or as an addition to your landscape. It retains its needles when cut, has good branch strength, and grows into the classic conical Christmas tree shape. When the cones are young they emerge purple, which adds an additional splash of colour to the tree.

Fraser Fir may suffer in warmer climates, we do not recommend this tree in hardiness zones 7 or higher. It is very similar to Balsam Fir, and can freely be used as a substitute.



Zone: 2a
Zone: 4a
Height: 30 m (98 ft)
Height: 12 m (40 ft)
Spread: 3 m (10 ft)
Spread: 6 m (20 ft)
Moisture: normal, wet
Moisture: normal
Light: any
Light: partial shade, full sun
Growth rate: slow
Growth rate: slow
Life span: long
Life span: long
Suckering: none
Suckering: none

Other Names: frasers balsam fir, frasier fir, she balsam, southern balsam fir