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Black Hills Spruce vs Engelmann Spruce

Picea glauca var. densata

Picea engelmannii

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Black Hills Spruce
Engelmann Spruce

Black Hills Spruce is a subspecies of White Spruce native to the Black Hills of South Dakota. It has a strongly conical form, slower growth rate and denser foliage than typical white spruce, making it preferable as a specimen tree for smaller suburban lawns. It also responds well to pruning, and can be used as a hedge or even bonsai.

Engelmann Spruce is a tall, cold resistant tree native to western North America. This high-altitude mountain tree has characteristic loose, scaly bark ranging in colour from reddish-brown to grey.

Birds such as grouse, woodpeckers, nuthatches and thrushes will call this tree home. As Engelmann Spruce can exceed heights of 100 feet, consumers should note it is too large for a normal city lot.

BLACK HILLS SPRUCE QUICK FACTS

ENGELMANN SPRUCE QUICK FACTS

Zone: 2b
Zone: 2a
Height: 25 m (82 ft)
Height: 30 m (98 ft)
Spread: 4 m (12 ft)
Spread: 3 m (10 ft)
Moisture: dry, normal
Moisture: normal, wet
Light: partial shade, full sun
Light: any
Growth rate: slow
Growth rate: slow
Life span: long
Life span: long
Suckering: none
Suckering: none

In row spacing: 3 - 4 m (10 - 12 ft)

Between row spacing: 5 m (16 ft)