The Indian Summer seed source is a very cold hardy and drought tolerant selection developed by Bill Schroeder at the Prairie Farm Rehablitation Administration (PFRA) in Indian Head, Saskatchewan. This seed source is largely from Russia and Mongolia originally and is highly sought after for a few reasons including its berries, growth habit, and agroforestry applications including nitrogen fixing, wildlife cover, intercropping, reclamation, and more. The Canadian government used some of the plants from this seed source in their breeding program for larger berried and thornless varieties.
Zone: 2b Height: 5 m (15 ft) Spread: 4 m (12 ft) Moisture: dry, normal Light: full sun Berries: small berries that can be used for making jelly and wine, even medicines Growth rate: medium Life span: medium Maintenance: low Suckering: high Pollution tolerance: high
In row spacing: 0.9 - 1.2 m (3 - 4 ft) Between row spacing: 5 m (16 ft)