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Horse Chestnut vs Butternut

Aesculus hippocastanum

Juglans cinerea

Horse Chestnut
Butternut

Horse Chestnut is a medium sized deciduous tree that is native to Greece but has been grown in North America for hundreds of years. Produces large nuts and both nuts and foliage have many medicinal uses.

One of the few walnut varieties native to Canada. The wood from this attractive species is used in a lot of specialty products.

A self-fertile nut tree that has better yields with cross-pollination. The meat of the Butternut is very mild, sweet, and oily. Often sought after by nut hunters.

Butternut is intolerant of shade and poor draining soil. It can survive zone 2, but reliably produces nuts in zone 3. Butternut canker has decimated this species in its native range.

HORSE CHESTNUT QUICK FACTS

BUTTERNUT QUICK FACTS

Zone: 3a
Zone: 2b
Height: 12 m (39 ft)
Height: 25 m (82 ft)
Spread: 4 m (12 ft)
Spread: 8 m (27 ft)
Moisture: normal
Moisture: dry, normal
Light: partial shade, full sun
Light: full sun
Fall colour: yellow to orange
Nuts: large nuts within spiky capsules. Slightly poisonous to eat
Nuts: brown shell with cream core starting around age 10
Growth rate: medium
Growth rate: fast
Life span: medium
Life span: medium
Maintenance: medium
Maintenance: medium
Suckering: none
Pollution tolerance: high
Pollution tolerance: medium



Toxicity: raw Horse Chestnut seed, leaf, bark and flower is toxic if ingested due to the presence of esculin.




Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: yes
Ships To Canada: yes
Ships to USA: yes